WHAT ARE THE POOL TYPES
It is possible to subject the ponds according to their usage, purpose and structure. First of all, swimming pools and ornamental pools which are used for visual purposes are the leading ones. The pools that will be the basis of your review are swimming pools. According to the location of the swimming pools, open and closed pools (or both containing pools) as a pre-separation and pool size and intended for use in two separate sections should be examined again. These;Private House-Villa Pools (Covered by UHE-2)Public Pools (Covered by TSE 11899)
Pools can also be categorized in terms of construction. These are the pools, which are placed on the ground (without any excavation) or built-in, as well as the types of ready-made pools which can be used in accordance with the rules of reinforced concrete or equipped with panels, supports, liners and installations prepared in standard and non-standard sizes.
According to the techniques of conveying the floated material with filtration by activating the surface water of the ponds, it will be necessary to count the overflow or skimmers in all this evaluation and to combine each pool with this formation regardless of the type of pool. It is the integral design criteria of all the pools that we count as skimmeres or surface water where surface water is sent to filtration by means of overflow, external overflow, one side overflow and overflow. These public pools should also be considered in terms of their purpose and depth.
These are respectively;
OPEN SWIMMING POOL TYPES OF GENERAL USE (TSE 11899)
Only the qualifications required for the use of this standard are mentioned. For pool water temperature up to 32°C, unless otherwise stated.
(It is dimensioned according to international rules. )
1. Training Pools
2. Whipping Pools
3. Competition Pools
3. a) Semi-Olympic Swimming Pools:In practice, six-lane training pools are constructed as 25x16 m.
3. b) Full Olympic Swimming Pools:The ideal size of an eight-lane swimming pool: 50x25 mm / minimum size can be 50x21 m.
3. c) Water Ball Pools:The Olympic pool can be on site. If water ball is to be played in the Olympic pool, the depth of the pool water should be 2. 20 cm. The size of the water polo field is 20x30 m. The special water cannon pool is 33m/33 cmx21m.
3. d) Jumping and Diving Pools (with tower and trampoline)
3. e) Rafting and Canoe Competition Pools
The depth of the jumping ponds should be at least 3. 40 m.
DEPTH CHANGING POOLS
Depth-changing pools have adjustable height. With this, the water depth can be changed completely or partially according to the need.
Specially designed to make fun and work, between 0-1. 60 m depths, the conditions for obtaining water are the pools specified by standards. Wave height and height are factors affecting shape. The water depth in the wave pools is changed by draining and filling the water and storing the difference volume. All pool sections should be continuously circulated to clean water, including the wave room. If a tank is used to change the level of the pool water and if there is more than 20 minutes of water in this tank, this should also be included in the clean water circulation. In no case the amount of free chlorine in the tank and other volumes should not fall below the value in the pool water.
SHELF POOLS (For those who don't know about swimming)
Speciall The depth should be between 0.6 m and 1.35 m.
POOLS WITH WATER ATTRACTIONS
Water and air movement with various water games and sliding elements (slide) depth of 1. 10 m with water-air movements aimed at creating fun in pools, hygiene and filtration conditions and design criteria are specified in the standards of all kinds of pools. Attractions For example, underwater massage stations, bottom sprayers, discharge channels, counter-current facilities, etc. should only be operated with pool water or clean water. In the case of water or air installations and ducts in contact with the pool water, a flow should be provided with clean water or pool water if the system does not work. It is not mandatory for small water installations.
WATER SWIMMING POOLS
For water slides, the depth of the pools should be 1. 0 m and the minimum water area should be 4. 0x6. 0 m. For water slides, only pool water or clean water should be used.
Pools of children aged between 0 and 5 years who have no knowledge of swimming with their parents and whose depth is defined by special rules (30 cm-50 cm and this depth is taken as 35 cm for hotels). The depth of these ponds should be maximum 0. 5 m and they should have an independent water preparation facility.
FOOT WASHING POOLS
They are generally designed in accordance with the criteria of fulfilling the hygiene requirements while entering the public swimming pools and equipped with forced systems (one can also have a forced shower system). Depth of the pool should be between 0.1 and 0.15 m. It should be planned to be on the route of the people entering the pool. There is no need for an overflow channel.
The areas of small pools should be at most 96 m2. They are installed according to the minimum user load. The capacity of the water preparation facility increases depending on the user load. The number of users per hour may be limited depending on the capacity of the water preparation facility.
HOT MASSAGE POOLS
Massage pools are pools with hot water, bubbling with the air being pushed and people are in the same or separate places, and there is continuous circulation of fresh water. Water temperature is maximum 37 ° C.
HOT MASSAGE POOL (DETACHED)
Detached pool massages are not allowed to pass to other pool facilities. In the massage ponds, the seating of the users must be clearly defined. A minimum of 0. 4 m3 and a water depth of 1. 0 m for each seat. The water volume of the massage pools according to the number of seats is given in the table below.
HOT MASSAGE POOLS (COMBINED USE)
Combined-use massage pools are built into the swimming pool and floats can be used according to their wishes. Each massage pool must have a volume of at least 1.6 m3 and a water depth of at least 1.0 m. The capacity of the preparation equipment of such facilities can be increased in accordance with the preparation of the swimming pool or with a separate preparation facility. The overall pool with hot massage pool has to be at least 4 m3.
Swimmers (hospitals, clinics, etc. ) are at high risk of infection. Water depth should be maximum 1.35 m. The water temperature should be about 35 ° C.
Pools prepared with special hygiene conditions. In the gymnastic pools, the water depth should be maximum 1.35 m and these pools should have an ozone stage water preparation facility.
COLD WATER POOLS
Sudden cooling of the body temperature according to the demands and mostly used in conjunction with a sauna system are small build pools. Depths should be between 1.10 and 1.35 m and water areas should be up to 10 m2.
Cold water ponds with a volume of not more than 2 m3 can be operated with continuous water flow. In this case the water temperature should not exceed 15 ° C. The filling water should be chlorinated to a level of 0. 3-0. 6 mg / lt free chlorine in the pool. The water flowing into the overflow channel must be discharged and reinforced with clean water (from the mains). The added water should not be less than 60 l per person. The filling point of the filling water must be at the bottom of the pool. Cold water pools with a volume of more than 2 m3 must be a water treatment plant.